The National Bioterrorism Hospital Preparedness Program (NBHPP) was established by enactment of the Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002. The Act was superseded by the Pandemic and All Hazards Preparedness Act (PAHPA) in 2006, and the name of the NBHPP changed to the Hospital Preparedness Program (HPP).
The NBHPP was managed by the Health Resources Services Administration (HRSA) in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) until the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) was created under PAHPA, and HHS healthcare preparedness activities were transferred to ASPR.
The HPP offers funding opportunities to 62 state and territory departments of public health to support the building of healthcare capabilities. The Capabilities are described in the Healthcare Preparedness and Response Capabilities, published in 2016.
Cooperative agreements provide funding to help state and local governments, healthcare coalitions, and Emergency Support Function (ESF) #8 planners identify gaps in preparedness, determine specific priorities, and develop plans for building and sustaining the eight national stakeholder-created and vetted healthcare-specific capabilities.
While HPP continues to encourage preparedness at the hospital level, evidence and real-world events have illustrated that hospitals cannot be successful in response without robust community healthcare preparedness – engaging critical partners.